Titanium is incredible. This metal has revolutionised modern medicine and given hundreds of thousands of people back their quality of life, and all for one simple reason: the human body likes it. That’s why if you want dental implants in Oxfordshire, chances are you’ll be getting titanium implants in your jawbone.
A little of history
Just how well titanium gets on with the human body was the chance discovery of Per Ingavar-Brånemark when he used titanium chambers inserted into a rabbit bone to study blood flow in 1952. When he tried to remove the chambers, he found they had fused with the bone, in a process he then called osseointegration.
Titanium is one of few materials that the human immune system does not attack as a foreign body, just the opposite in fact. This metal encourages the body to grow new tissue around it and two mesh together to hold the implant within the tissue like a real tooth root, in the case of dental implants in Oxfordshire. Titanium is also very strong and lightweight, making it the perfect material for dental implants. They need to be strong to withstand multidirectional chewing forces, but also light so they don’t weigh down the jawbone.
Imagine if your jaw was full of iron or lead, eating and talking and even just holding your jaw shut would become a burdensome task. Not so with titanium. If it wasn’t for the fact that the implants do not contain nerve endings and so cannot mimic the subtle sensitivity of our own teeth, most people would forget that these are not actually the teeth that they were born with.
Your average dental implant in Oxfordshire at Chipping Norton Dental Implant Centre is about 13 millimetres long and looks like a little post. Its surface is deliberately rough so that there is lots of area for bone tissue to bond with, to hold it in place. Inside the post is an internal screw. When the implant goes in, it’s covered with a temporary cap to protect the internal screw while the implant is fusing with the bone. The dentist removes that cap and screws in an abutment, another screw with the appropriate attachment on top, to hold the crowns in place.